inthisx_00 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 11 個月前

英文absolute construction?

https://tw.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20...

To: Toming88 謝謝你的回答喔

但是可不可以寫的詳細一點 有點看不懂

就是可以如何改寫..

Here are ths first three packs of cigaretees, a fourth one to arrive next week.

這裡的a fourth one to arrive next week 可以怎麼改,但意思不變。

A number of body guards followed the female candidate, some to hold her briefcase, some to protect her from being disturbed

這裡的 some to hold her briefcase,,some to protect her from being disturbed.可以怎麼改,但意思不變。

是不是上面的改法,可以有很多種?還是只有特定幾種?

想知道句子是如何變成 名詞+to+動詞? @@

已更新項目:

謝謝各位

我花時間理解一下

some to hold her briefcase 跟 some were to hold her breifcase 意思一樣嗎?

some were to 很像 some are to 即將要做什麼的意思是嗎?

但是原句 some to hold 原本意思就是 some were to hold 的意思? 還是這兩種根本就不同?

4 個解答

評分
  • 11 個月前
    最佳解答

    The use of future tense:-

    (1)eg:-If here are the first 3 packs of cigarettes, then the fourth packs of cigarettes will arrive next week.

    Or:-eg:-The 4th pack arrives----with the 3 previous nos.-----to arrive to complete the total nos.

    or:-eg:-Since a 4th pack is forcasted "to arrive" next week, the nos.were completed.cf:-(N+to+v)

    (2)Followed by BG by the female candidate (,)-----Participial past phrase usage is used to imply the passive. note also the use of the comma after the past participial phrase(,)

    she was seen-------------main clause, passive implied

    when "some were holding her briefcase"------adv.cl. of manner, purpose

    "and" while "some were protecting her from being disturbed".------adv cl of condition, reason, result, purpose

    Or:-eg:-SubN+Vt +N + to infinitive as Obj.=N+to+V----> as obj of the verb---->She got----her BG's two duties served----"to stay" as a candidate.

    cf:-(N+to+v)

    Or Usage "in order for some to---=>s to v "

    eg:-A no. of BG followed the female candidate"in order to--->in order "for some of BG" to hold her brief case;

    and

    "for some of BG" to protect her from being disturbed.

    Or:-eg:-Since she was to be protected from being disturbed and to be released from being burdensome (adj) by holding her briefcase, the BG were subjected to servicing.

    Or:-The use of where=relative adv related to S "some (S) were to(to) hold(V)":-

    A no. of BG followed the female candidate, where some were to hold her breifcase;

    and

    where some were to protect her from being disturbed.

    Or:-to infinitive=A no. of BG "continuous" (to follow) her=she is (to be followed)----passive to-inf form to be, and the "ed" form of the verb follow

    Or N toV=to infinitive=is to follow> are to hold, are to protect

    The relative adv "when" is used:-

    When a no. of BG is to follow her---rel adv cl.

    they are to hold---------finite----mc

    (and)

    they are to protect ------finite-----mc.

    Or:-The Absolute Construction where an absolute phrase is usually used adverbially:-eg:-

    It being Absolute Construction,------adverbial

    a no. of BG (follows) a female candidate(cf. president)------mc--"N+ toV"="---is to follow";

    holding her briefcase------non-finite cl w/o tense or modality

    protecting her from disturbance-------non-finite可有可無;

    • TOMING88
      Lv 7
      11 個月前檢舉

      exercise your leg great & small muscles.

  • 11 個月前

    1. 主句和其後的absolute片語有著對等的關係,片語改寫後用「對等連接詞」連接便可。

    Here are the first three packs of cigarettes and the fourth one is to arrive next week.

    ( is + infinitive = 將會+ ...)

    2. (a) 主句和其後的片語有著目的的關係,片語改寫後用「從屬連接詞」(in order to) 連接說明"followed"的目的。

    A number of body guards followed the female candidate, in order for some to hold her briefcase and for some to protect her from being disturbed.

    Form Longman dictionary:

    [was/were to do something]

    - used when talking about a time in the past to say what happened later

    e.g. This discovery was to have a major effect on the treatment of heart disease.

    (b) 主句和其後的片語有著情況的關係,片語改寫後用「從屬連接詞」(where = 在…的情況下) 連接便可。

    A number of body guards followed the female candidate, where some were to hold her briefcase and some were to protect her from being disturbed.

    (c) 因為亦有先後的關係,所以亦可用副詞(conjunctive adverb) "then 然後" 連接以說明時間次序。

    A number of body guards followed the female candidate, (and) then some were to hold her briefcase and some were to protect her from being disturbed .

    • ginger2011
      Lv 6
      11 個月前檢舉

      Absolute construction can be confusing at times.

  • 小穎
    Lv 7
    11 個月前

    英文沒有學好,不管出國或工作上面真的會到處碰壁

    《分享一個我自己的例子》勈乂僚卲们

    我在求學時期就沒有把英文學好,出了社會在工作上升遷總是與我擦身而過

    甚至連自己1個人出國,都因為英文不好,而在機場困住1個多小時才出去

    所以讓我下定決心想要把英文學好,就去報名了傳統的英文補習班

    雖然精挑細選了小班制的教學,可是班上同學的程度普遍都比我好太多了

    時間久了因為程度跟不太上,舊的內容還沒消化,新的當然也來不及吸收

    加上常常下了班就匆匆忙忙的趕去上課,有時候甚至加班無法去上課

    就這樣有一堂沒一堂的缺課,進度落後加上趕車,最後舟車勞頓太累自我放棄

    所以後來真心體會到,學習任何的語言不外乎就是要有「恆心+毅力」

    既然這樣的方式沒辦法長時間堅持學習下去,那就另外找適合的方法

    因為我朋友也跟我有同樣的情況,英文不好在工作上一直有阻礙

    後來他選擇了現在很流行的線上學英文來幫助他自己提升英文程度

    優點是不用花太多的時間通勤來回跑補習班,反而多了更多時間練習英文

    我也是後來聽他開口說英文而嚇到,沒想到會進步的這麼迅速

    而且變的很敢開口說英文,我覺得大部份的人都敗在不敢開口說英文

    這真的是最大的突破跟進步!

    所以我就特別花了點時間,研究不用跑補習班就可以學好英文的方法

    如果你也想提升自己的英文程度,來應付你工作上、求學上或者娛樂上需求

    我把自己整理好的資訊分享出來,希望對你也有幫助

    下面幾個都是不用去補習班,就可以在家學英文的方法

    那要怎麼找到適合自己的老師呢?我強烈建議每一家都去試聽一下

    因為每個老師的教法都不同,真的要實際聽過才會知道適不適合自己

    當然我找的這幾家,也都一定要讓我能免費試聽,而且是在家就可以試聽

    只要線上填寫資料,就可以讓你在家用電腦就能免費試聽

    所以建議每一家都填表試聽看看 (真的不收費喔)

    因為通常有比較之下,才會發現哪個老師,哪個方法更適合自己

    這樣也是幫助自己學習起來更容易吸收的方式

    立即體驗教學試聽     https://goo.gl/CTNufx

    久而久之造成大肌肉的過勞而過勞的肌肉就會越來越緊繃而休息的小肌肉卻越來越不用做事多運動防肌筋膜疼痛症候群以吜侖刮哆偀勘

  • YIP
    Lv 7
    11 個月前

    Amendment:(1)Here are three packets of cigarettes and the fourth one will arrive next week;(2)A number of body guards followed the female candidate closely so as to help her holding briefcase and protected her from disturbance. Yip

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