Mnemosyne 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 個月前

請問sb spent three days on N/in ving SVO後面的on N/in Ving是作為副詞用的介係詞片語嗎?

老師僅跟我們說用spend,介係詞就要一起記,但是這讓我感覺有點抽象,想再了解多一點XD

4 個解答

評分
  • 9 個月前
    最佳解答

    要學好英文一定要養成常查字典的習慣,時間久了,反覆查過的生字(包括例句和不同用法)就會慢慢植入你的記憶中,成為你知識一部份。

    在牛津詞典中,查找動詞“spend",你會發現,就 "使用時間" 的含義而言(to use time for a particular purpose),有以下幾種用法:

    1- spend something + adv./prep.

    2- spend something on something

    3- spend something doing something

    4- spend something in doing something

    "spend" 在這裡是一個及物動詞,something 是它的受詞(直接賓語),一般是有關時間的名詞,接後就是副詞性質的短語 (including prepositional phrases and participle phrases),說明目的。

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    8 個月前

    Spend 是不及物動詞,與介詞on連用,形成及物動詞,而in+ ving形成介詞片語,當副詞修飾動詞spend,也有可能是當形容詞修飾其前邏輯主詞,例The girl in red shirt is my sister.

  • 9 個月前

    In this pattern the verb is followed by a direct object and a preposition and its object.

    Sb spent-----Subject+v

    3 days------DO

    on------preposition

    sleeping-testing------object

    Now the object may be a noun phrase

    =sleep through testing

    =not to be woken up by a clinic machine noise;

    However, the prepositional phrase(介係詞後的名詞可以不抽象) is variable, eg:-

    spend 3 days on electronic oscilloscope-------prepositional phrase

    spent 3 days under the (sleeping tunnel);eg:-

    spent 3 days in the (exhausing body-pump);eg:-

    spend in doing sth in explaining a clinic plan in all his energy---adv phrase.

  • YIP
    Lv 7
    8 個月前

    Somebody have spent three days on studying in writing. Yip

還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。