鋕宸 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 個月前

能請各位幫忙分析這三句的文法構成...?

原句:

John is talking on the phone.

John is a student.

John lives at Dar-liao district.

John has a big house.

需檢查句子:

John, a student who has a big house, lives at Dar-liao district, talking on the phone.

原句:

John is kicked by a cat.

John is a student.

John lives at Dar-liao district.

John has a big house.

需檢查句子:

John, a student who has a big house, lives at Dar-liao district, being kicked by a cat.

原句:

John is to visit America next year.

John is a student.

John lives at Dar-liao district.

John has a big house.

需檢查句子:

John, a student to visit America next year, has a big house, living at Dar-liao district.

各位如果有更好的合併句之型式,

煩請附上「使用的文法」,

這是咱家老媽在職進修的功課,

白天需要上班的我有點力不從心,

還請各位幫忙

4 個解答

評分
  • 6 個月前
    最佳解答

    1. John is talking on the phone, who is a student, (he) lives at Dar-liao district, (he) has a big house.

    2. John is kicked by a cat, who is a student, (he) lives at Dar-liao district, (he) has a big house.

    3. John is to visit America next year, who is a student, (he) lives at Dar-liao district, (he) has a big house.

    說明—— who:關係代名詞的【非限制用法】,(釋義)那個人(◆通例 and 的意思,但是 but,for 等的場合也有)。

    例. My sister, who lives in Chicago, has three children.

    (◆這場合的妹是一個人,但是,無逗號的【限制用法】係被指為另有別的妹之意)。

  • 6 個月前

    這個句子在文法上的重點就是 "同位語" (Appositive)。

    In English grammar, an appositive is a noun, noun phrase, or series of nouns placed next to another word or phrase to identify or rename it. Nonrestrictive appositives are usually set off by commas or dashes.

    John, 【非限制同位語】, 主句的謂語 (predicate).

    1. John, a student with (=who has) a big house who lives at Dar-liao district, is talking on the phone.

    2. John, a student with a big house who lives at Dar-liao district, is often kicked by a cat. (加副詞)

    2. John, a student with a big house who lives at Dar-liao district, is being kicked by a cat. (改為進行式)

    3. John, a student with a big house who lives at Dar-liao district, is to visit America next year.

  • 6 個月前

    1. John, a student who has a big house and lives at Dar-liao district, is talking on the phone.

    2. John, a student who has a big house and lives at Dar-liao district, is kicked by a cat.

    3. John, a student who has a big house and lives at Dar-liao district, is to visit America next year.

    • TOMING88
      Lv 7
      6 個月前檢舉

      (1)main cl=John is talking/kicked/(--)who is student to visit Am.?/////
      (2)sub cl=who has a house in Dar-liao
      (3)Rhino got married, when she was tied to a negative pole.---(main cl+sub cl).
      Hence, be simple, be sincere in subordinate cl.to Citron's mom who failed in TW.

  • 6 個月前

    English Grammar applied:-

    (1)John, a student------to co-ordinate into proper relation, equal in rank,

    living at Dai-liao district----pp "present participial " adj. phrase,non-finite

    who has a big house---------interrogative pronoun used as subject form in non-defining cl.

    is talking on the phone-----present continuous tense+modality to subject "John"

    (2)John , (Or John who is to visit Am.---The main cl. etc.)a student---to co-ordinate into proper relation, equal in rank;

    living at Dai-liao district----pp. "present participial ";adj phrase, non-finite

    who has a big house-------interrogative pronoun used as subject form in non-defining cl.

    is being kick by a cat-----acted upon as a passive voice=be+pp=is being kicked ,tense and modality to subject "John"

    (3)John , a student----to co-ordinate into proper relation, equal in rank;

    living at Dar-liao district-----present participial phrase,adj. phrase, non-finite

    who has a big house-----interrogative pronoun used as subject form in non-defining cl.

    is to visit America next year------infinitive, non-finite form of a verb used with "to"=to visit; tense and modality to subject "John"

    Warning:-A clause has a subj and finite verb doing adj,adv.

    eg:-(1)main cl=John is telling/is kicked/(--)who is student to visit Am.不能太多異類資訊,修飾一個?副詞.

    eg:-(2)sub.cl=who has a house in Dar-liao.不能太多異類資訊,肥佬般修飾一個主詞

    eg:-(3)Rhino got married, when she was tied to a negative pole.(main cl+sub.cl)----=be simple; be sincere in subordinate clause to Citron's mom.who tried to learn Eng. but failed.

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