亭芳 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 6 個月前

請問:I had a quiet time reading a book.,為什麼read可以加ing?不是應該寫to read嗎?請知道的大大們解惑,謝謝?

4 個解答

評分
  • 6 個月前
    最佳解答

    "HAVE A [adjective - normally, good, bad, difficult] TIME doing something" is a kind of Fixed Expression telling the experience (what you feel) of doing something.

    - I had a good time reading a book. (O) ---gerund (O)

    - I had a good time to read a book. (X) ---infinitive (X)

    I had a quiet time reading a book.

    = I spent my time (in) reading a book in a quiet environment.

    = I enjoyed reading a book quietly.

  • 6 個月前

    1. a quiet time 是對的.

    2.

    A) I had a quiet time reading a book. (O)

    B) I had a quiet time to read a book. (O)

    二者都是對的,但是意義稍有不同.

    A)之中 quiet time與reading a book是平行的.之間的因果關係不明顯.

    B)之中隱喻 quiet time是reading a book的手段.reading a book是a quiet time的目的.就像是在百忙之中,安排60分鐘以便讀本好書.

    3. 它例:

    He went to the kitchen to make a sandwich.(較合理-因為要到廚房才可以開始做三文志)

    He went to the kitchen making a sandwich. (好笑!有人可以邊走到廚房 一邊作文志嗎?)

  • 6 個月前

    I had [a quiet time](受詞) [reading a book](受詞補語). ←← 受詞補語的形式有八種:5.分詞(又分:現在分詞和過去分詞)。分詞的動作的主動者用現在分詞,被動者用過去分詞。6.不定詞。(例. "to read",我的文法書無說明用法。) 1~8:餘略。

    # 註:主動者的【者】:<釋義> [代名詞] 人或事物的代稱。

    • 亭芳6 個月前檢舉

      請問a quiet time不是人,應該用被動,但為什麼是reading?

  • 6 個月前

    1."quiet 安靜"應修正為"quite相當"

    2."a quite time"必須修正為"quite a time"

    文法規定,名詞之前須有形容詞,才可寫成a quite 例如a quite good time. 否則必須寫成quite a time.

    I had qute a time reading a book.,

    I had quite a time to read a book.,

    基本上兩種寫法都可以,一是以分詞構句來補述time,一是以不定詞構句來補述。

    惟語意上有些差異

    第一句"我有相當多的念書時間"

    第二句"我有相當多的時間去念書"

    .

    • 亭芳6 個月前檢舉

      請問是分詞構句用法還是分詞用法呢?分詞構句不是應該要用在副詞子句?謝謝

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