Near 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 4 個月前

幾個英文文法的疑惑?

Coco wants a job ____ can grant her the opportunity to be in contact with celebrities and prestigious producers.

答案是that 為何不能用which?

__Mr. Muller was talking to his nutritionist, his wife interrupted and complained about his bad hygiene.

(A)While (B)As

答案是(B)As 為何不能用While ?

Tim's scratch on his ankle is infected ____ he wore slippers to the garden, and the bacteria in the mud got into his foot.

(A)because (B)as

答案是(A)because 但我記得As不也可用來表示原因 但這裏為何不行?

還有that 可以引導名詞子句感覺和複合關代what好像 但又不能都通用的樣子 搞得我好亂

像是這句

The report indicated____ there is excessive waste from the plant, and a warning was issued accordingly.

這空格就要用that 為啥不能用what?

然後這句Julia hesitated to explain what she had really meant to say.不知這裏的what可不可以用that替代?

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    4 個月前
    最佳解答

    1. Coco wants a job ____ can grant her the opportunity to be in contact with celebrities and prestigious producers.

    答案是that 為何不能用which?

    這題的空格可以用that或which。兩者都是限定性質的關係代名詞。請參見柯旗化《新英文法》p.98 that的用法。

    2. __Mr. Muller was talking to his nutritionist, his wife interrupted and complained about his bad hygiene.

    (A)While (B)As

    答案是(B)As 為何不能用While ?

    前面子句的動詞是「過去進行式」表示一直在發生中(一條線),但後面的子句是「過去簡單式」(一個點),所以不能用表示同時進行的while(有兩條線),而要用表示「原因」的as。

    3. Tim's scratch on his ankle is infected ____ he wore slippers to the garden, and the bacteria in the mud got into his foot.

    (A)because (B)as

    答案是(A)because 但我記得As不也可用來表示原因 但這裏為何不行?

    because, since, as都可以引導表示原因的副詞子句。明確指出原因為何時,用because。如果認為閱聽者應該已經知道原委而提出理由(非新訊息),或所提理由為次要訊息時,就會用since/as。(請參見p.340綿貫陽《新觀念英文法》。

    本句是前者的狀況。所以用because.

    3.還有that 可以引導名詞子句感覺和複合關代what好像 但又不能都通用的樣子 搞得我好亂

    像是這句

    The report indicated____ there is excessive waste from the plant, and a warning was issued accordingly.

    這空格就要用that 為啥不能用what?

    然後這句Julia hesitated to explain what she had really meant to say.不知這裏的what可不可以用that替代?

    第二句這裡的what是「關係代名詞」,what = the thing that...(先行詞+從屬連接詞),所以不能只以一個「從屬連接詞」that來代替。

    第一句裡的that是「從屬連接詞」,引導從屬的名詞子句。

    但「關係代名詞」在附屬子句兼「主詞」或「受詞」。

    His wild speech was what frightened us away.(what兼附屬子句的主詞)

    George made it clear what he wanted.(what兼附屬子句的受詞)

  • 4 個月前

    that:-

    The report indicated

    that there is a war on trees------introducing clauses of result purpose, condition.

    what;

    Ask Julia

    what she meant in her Q .----------n. cl. in apposition.

    (1)definite rel.pron.

    (2)past condt+ past tense=As儘管.

    (3)because因為原委原因.

    (4)not (3)?---that------>rel.conjunc

    -----------------what----->rel.pron

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