kuangkwo 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 4 星期前

痞客邦.2013 Oct 13(Sun)使役動詞 S + make / have + O + pp表受詞被動.例Where did you have your hair cut? It looks awful!.可否請再說明一下?

2 個解答

評分
  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    4 星期前

    The teacher makes him(to) close the door. 使役動詞to省略,而Where did you have your hair (to be)cut(by someone) ? 形成被動語態,其中很多都省略了,但注意有些看似使役動詞但需加to,如ask,get等動詞

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    4 星期前

    表示「讓,使,叫某人做」某件事的動詞很多,大多使用有to的不定詞當作「受詞補語」。只有make, let, have等,才用無to的不定詞(即bare infinitive)。

    have當「使役動詞」用時,後面的「受詞補語」會有三種可能:

    1. to have something done (by someone)

    I have my laptop repaired. (p.p.表示被動)

    2. to have someone do something

    I have the hair stylist cut my hair. (bare infinitive表示主動)

    3. to have someone doing something.

    Within minutes he had the whole audience laughing.(現在分詞表示主動)

    Where did you have your hair cut?

    是上面的第一種狀況。

    在主詞無意願的狀況下,have為「非使役用法」:

    My friend and I "had" our horses stolen from our barn.

還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。