kuangkwo 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 4 星期前

我的問題是看到動名詞中Having been xxx用字,想知道是否為動名詞片語,作為介詞之受詞用,謝謝?

4 個解答

評分
  • 2 星期前

    不是的,這個是屬於現在進行式的介詞做為名詞的用法。

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    3 星期前

    The safe showed no signs of "having been touched."

    上面這個句子裡的having been touched是「動名詞」(它不是動名詞片語,因為不含受詞),它是前面介系詞of的受詞。

    其時態屬於「完成式被動態」: having been ~ed,是由「動詞」touch衍生的「動名詞」,屬於「動狀詞」(verbal)。

    no signs of having been touched是一個「名詞片語」(名詞+介系詞+動名詞),作為動詞showed的受詞。

    介系詞+~ing的結構太正式,在口語中,通常會省略介系詞,如:

    I have difficulty (in) solving the problem.

    He spent a lot of money (in) buying toys.

    上面這兩句裡的~ing xxx才是「動名詞片語」。

  • 3 星期前

    In the pattern the object is a gerund phrase that guide you to patterns and usage:-eg:-

    (1)Having been finished playing tennis@ Wimbleton,you died by violence----prep.complement.(die off=adverbial particle)

    (2)Having been finished working too.hard, my health is bad and died.

    (3)Having been finished talking on stage, I collapsed suddenly (and died).

    All adverb clauses are dependent .

    eg:-When he died, he was buried in a grave.--dependent adverb clause + main clause.

  • Chen
    Lv 6
    4 星期前

    動名詞片語:

    1. 前面有介係詞時, 作為介詞之受詞  (介係詞  不能跟引導((that)+ S+V)的名詞子句 )

       

         S1 +  V1   + ( 介系詞 )) + S2 +  { 1.being ( including 1. S + be + Ved, 2. S + be +                                                                 ADJ)   

                                                              2.Ving  (  +名詞 ) 

                                                              3.having(不管什麼人稱)+ PP  ( + 名詞 )  

                                                          }

                       1.S2不是S1 而且有生物, S2必須用S2的所有格 

                       2.S2不是S1 而且無生物, S2用S2的主格(主詞) 

                       3.S2是S1, S2可省略.

                  he is very proud that his father is rich. 

                = he is very proud of his father's being rich.

    2. 作為 主格(主詞)時 強調 動詞 的重要語氣 ( like 名詞子句 S + V )

      That sister wins the scholarship excites me.

     = Sister's winning the scholarship excites me.

         

      

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