匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 個月前

seeing off常在介詞後,seeing作動名詞,off作形容詞修飾,另seeing-off ceremony,seeinf-off是形容詞修飾後面名詞,請益.謝謝.?

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 個月前

    off--preposition (used in numerous compound-words)

    eg:-seeing-off

    Also adverbial particle such as seeing-off in the verb entry;

    seeing-off is contrasted with on, indicating the ending of something arranged, planned, etc

    eg:- The seeing-off of the ceremony=ended.

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 個月前

    to see someone off: 及物動詞+受詞+受詞補語

    off是副詞,表示移動離開,在上面是當作受詞補語用。

    see someone off = accompany a person to the point of departure

    They came to the station to see him off.

    see p.1580 New Oxford American Dictionary (third edition)

    a seeing-off ceremony = a ceremony in which you see someone who is leaving their present job/place

    seeing是自「及物動詞see」衍生的「動名詞」,用連字號加上副詞off,放在名詞ceremony前,形成一個「複合名詞」(noun compound)。

    類似的「複合名詞」有:

    a waiting list

    a swimming pool (= a pool in which you can swim)

    a shopping center

    a writing desk

    ~ing有可能是現在分詞,當作形容詞用,如:

    a dancing girl = a girl who is dancing now

    這詞的主重音落在後面的名詞girl上。

    主重音大聲又清楚,次重音清楚但不大聲,弱音節的母音模糊或省略。

    ~ing如果是動名詞,和後面的名詞形成「複合名詞」時,意思就不同了:

    a dancing girl = a girl whose job is to dance with someone else

    這詞的主重音落在前面的動名詞dancing上。

    由分詞片語所形成的「複合形容詞」

    a broken-down car = a car which has broken down

    a laid-off worker = a worker who has been laid off

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  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    1 個月前

    see off 動詞片語,其中off 是介詞,為某人送行。而seeing-off 是複合形容詞由動名詞+介詞合成,修飾其後名詞,意思為告別式,两个截然不同

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