匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 2 個月前

下面句子文法對嗎?該如何解釋?

Consequently, the results from previous biological studies of predicate devices can be applied to the subject device provided EO residuals on the subject device need to be examined in accordance with ISO 10993-7:2008 after sterilization in three full cycles. 

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這樣看起來可以分為兩段解釋,但是我對provided在句中出現的意思感到不解,在這裡他有表甚麼意思嗎?因為他也不能說是前面"提供'甚麼?

3 個解答

評分
  • Jenkin
    Lv 7
    2 個月前
    最佳解答

    雖然是一句很長的句子,但這類"說明規則句子"寫法,有時由於要包括和指明某些定義和條件,因此無可避免的"複雜"/"複式"句。

    基本上文法都正確:

    Consequently = as a result = 因此/故此

    要理解全段,可拆解句中不同部份和意思。由於句中主角是這次是批核的裝置"this subject device",所以句中有兩次出現:

    先看最後部份的the subject device,因為這部份是合格的條件:

    provided (that) EO residuals on 

    先決條件是在這裝置的EO殘餘物(不懂EO是指甚麼-要查這檢測的專業文件才能翻譯)

    "the subject device" need to be examined in accordance with ISO 10993-7:2008 after sterilization in three full cycles.

    這裝置需要經過三次全面消毒按ISO 10993-7:2008作出檢查後...沒有上節的"EO殘餘物"

    然後回看第一部份當中是拆為

    the results --- from previous biological studies of predicate devices --- can be applied to the subject device

    應該是指上文或這句中from previous ... studies...predicate devices...的

    結果是可以適用在這裝置上。

    from previous biological studies of predicate devices

    從那些已獲批准合法使用的裝置在過去已有的生物研究...結果

    全段用中文重新結合按文理重寫如下:

    因此,唯有這裝置需要經過三次全面消毒按ISO 10993-7:2008作出EO殘餘物檢查合格後,從那些已獲批准合法使用的裝置在過去已有的生物研究的結果是可以適用在這裝置上。

    原句英文後半段的先決檢查合格條件在中文句字中"先"寫出,然後才寫到引用研究結果的"後"適用條件。

  • 1 個月前

    providing, providing that. ;conj= on condition that:-meaning:-Provided EOrganism(=EO) need to be 3 cycled,S equipped setting resulted are suitably for the purpose applied to P; meaning S can be applied to P....Here the meaning is reversible NB..eg:-S-->P; while P--->S.Hence S can be applied to P.

    --------------------

    provide=to state a special arrangement/exam that must be fulfilled.

    (1)The subject device "can apply" to the predicate device.-----S+V+O

    (2)provided----v

    (3)that the special arrangement/exam.-------adj phr.

    (4)on EOganism and 3 cycles..--------adj phr.

    (5)must be fulfilled.-----coordination

    Consequently, the results from the previous biological studies of predicate devices-------Subject

    can be applied------Verb

    to the subject device------Predicate

    provided(=conjunction)E Organism(=EO) residual (on the subject device)----adv ph

    need to be(were) examined(in accordance with ISO 10993-7-2008 after sterilization in three full cycles--------adv ph.

    Hence S "can be applied" to P.

  • No problem 解釋:因此,如果在三個完整的周期內滅菌後需要根據ISO 10993-7:2008檢查對象設備上的EO殘留,則可以將謂詞設備的先前生物學研究結果應用於對象設備。

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