one 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 個月前

請問這句and with it the many danger they had met in its gloomy shades中的it後為什麼沒有動詞而直接跟名詞?有這樣的用法嗎?謝謝?

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 個月前
    最佳解答

    要了解代詞"it"究竟說什麽東西,就要看看前面的一個clause:

    ..., so that the travelers rejoiced in leaving the "forest" far behind, and with "it" the many dangers (that) they had met in "its" gloomy shades.

    其實,  "it" 和 "its" 是指 "forest".

    "with it" 的用法?

    其實, 副詞"behind" 和介詞"with"都是動詞"leave"(留下)的受詞補語.  "leave" is a transitive verb of incomplete predication which needs a complement to complete its meaning.

    (1) leaving the forest far behind   (far 副詞修飾 behind)

    (2) leaving the many dangers with the forest

    因為受詞(the many dangers)需要再被其後的關係子句去修飾,所以介詞短語要倒裝而放在受詞前面:

    ~ leaving with the forest the many dangers (後接關係子句)

    然後,用連詞和代詞去重寫簡化句子:

    leaving the forest far behind, and with it the many dangers .....

  • 1 個月前

    From the story "Wizard of Oz"

    eg:-

    and with it-----(leaving with it=forest, no need verb) ; If verb to be should be used=to be=was, then the verb=was following "it" to complete the coordinate clause. and to cause to work together...esp with the former main clause.

    the many danger (that)-----as  complement, adj phrase of manner, concession

    (which) they had met-----obj---adj phrase of result, condition

    in its gloomy shades--------adj phrase of condition, manner, contrast/comparision.

    eg:-They hope(the verb) (with it) they'll leave the many gloomy dangers soon

    =They hope(the verb) (with it) (that) they have left the gloomy dangers soon.

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