Gary 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 個月前

題目中副詞修飾動詞?

Over the past three years,the gross salary of our employees has increased an

average of 4.5 percent every year.

請問 an average 是當做副詞修飾動詞(has increased)嗎?

是不是加了一個介系詞on an average 才對?

3 個解答

評分
  • 4 星期前

    The gross salary of our employees------s

    has increased-------intransitive verb

    "on" an average of 4.5% every yr."over the past 3 yrs".--------o, prep.phrase,not adj phr nor adv phr but rather noun phrase used as object of the verb "has increased" following the  v

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    4 星期前

    Over the past three years, the gross salary of our employees has increased "by" an average of 4.5 present every year.

    名詞average前面應加上介系詞by,成為介系詞片語by an average of 4.5 percent,用來修飾不及物動詞increase

    字典例句:

    Japan's industrial output increased by 2%.

    p.793

    Collins CoBuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners

    3rd edition

  • ?
    Lv 7
    1 個月前

    不對吧。

    an average of 就算看作是形容也是描述4.5percent這"數值名詞"的由來,跟動詞increase沒有形容/修飾的關係。

    雖然on an average這樣寫法沒錯,但你提議的on an average而省去後preposition "of"本身對英語的phrase/clause有誤解。

    若要把4.5%形容成"你想那樣"便要寫成:

    ...has increased 4.5% per year on average.

    若寫on an average一般只會用作"總結"/"表達"計算的用意是"計算一個平均數",而甚少會用作形容一個實際數值。

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