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Justice 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 2 個月前

文法問題,which帶出的形容詞字句?

And it was this lack of repair work which was directly responsible for the explosion.

正是失修直接導致了此次爆炸。

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這邊的which是修飾lack?

但一般不是只能修飾最鄰近的名詞work嗎?還是說這是口語用法

8 個解答

評分
  • Jenkin
    Lv 7
    2 個月前
    最佳解答

    which修飾"this lack of repair work"是一組詞意的,留意不是單一的字,而是全句的組成包含一些"片語"或"子句"等;你應該注意的句子主句是"It was"...因此which後的was其實是等同第一was後的全段作出"附加"註解的作用。

    文法(規律)只是結構,句法才是傳意。

  • Dustin
    Lv 4
    2 個月前

    這是英語常見的cleft sentence, 用於强調句子, 通常是原句的主詞.

    結構上:  It (dummy-it) + verb-to-be + [subject] + [relative clause]  

    原句:  This lack of repair work was directly responsible for the explosion.

  • YIP
    Lv 7
    2 個月前

    And it was this lack of repair work that was directly responsible for the explosion.

  • 2 個月前

    And it was "this lack of repair work" "which" was directly responsible for the explosion.

    "which" is a determiner, pronoun used to add more information about a thing (eg:-repair work, a noun) nearest to it .It also depends on the logical main word related, which is "work"; that may also be adv.cl of relation, conjunction.

    Hence, "which" describes the noun "work" nearest to it.

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  • ?
    Lv 7
    2 個月前

    修飾那一個需視其邏輯主詞,本句which所引導關係子句是修飾lack,因of repair work是介詞片語修飾lack,我們称其為後位修飾,例There is something wrong with your homework.

    但若本句改成 it was a piece of bread which was rotten.即是修飾最鄰近的名詞bread所以一個句子要看邏輯主詞在那才決定

  • 2 個月前

    正如Jenkins指出的,"this lack of repair work"這群字是合在一起思考的,因為它所代表的事情正是後面那個子句的主詞,這是最簡單的常識都可理解的(因為,presumably,聽話的對象通常是人而非機器人)。

    通常在口語裏,這討論就結束了,然而只要稍為嚴格一點,就發現which應改為that,因為which只能代表"名詞",而that則可代表"子句"(一件事)。

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    2 個月前

    This lack of repair work was directly responsible for the explosion.

    使用突顯句型來寫時,就變成了:

    It was "this lack of repair work" that was directly responsible for the explosion.

    使用形容詞子句當修飾語,句焦點在前面。(通常用關係代名詞用限定性質的that)

    What was directly responsible for the explosion was  "this lack of work."

    使用名詞子句當主詞,句焦點在後面。

  • 2 個月前

    文法是我醫生的惡夢............

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